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So. I was reading some of the content of my generally ill-informed, dysfunctional, dogmatic dissenters. I bear them no ill will or grudge. For real. I know it seems like I dissed them with my opening statement and thus show them ill will, but Im actually not doing so. When you see the content of their "research"? You'll likely agree that what I said is an accurate assessment of their "research", "arguments" and "logic".
The latest round of ignorance piping up from my dissenters is their denial that KIPURA exists. When I asked them how they came to this conclusion, they proceeded to unveil horrifically flawed research practices, infinite illogic, and basically the fact that their preconceived position and perception is that if [ whatever ] isn't their preferred brand of Cardio Capoeira or [ whatever ]? It's not what they like. And if it's not what they like? It can't be equal to or better than what they like. And if it's not equal to or better than what they like? It can't be real.
I was going to ignore this and go about my day...the way I usually do. But. One of my most respected followers [ Tirharqa Mosley ] made a post that caused me to reconsider, and decide to write a primer of sorts for my followers who need something quick to provide to those dissenters disbelievers and those who have been misled and lied to by Brazilian-centric sources into crediting hook line and sinker the lies of Cardio Capoeira. It was and is the least that I can do, considering that many of you reading this have been part of the blessing granting me more than 3 million views on my YouTube this year, and over 20 thousand followers on my social media platforms.
So let's get to correcting the lies commonly touted as truth.
First? "Capoeira" IS NOT a Brazilian art. The work here has been so comprehensive and thorough that I don't have to spend any energy debunking the absolutely untrue lies and racist, nationalist myths that spawned this lie. There are a plethora of sources already dealing with this. Go read them online and buy them from your local bookstore or wherever.
The word "Capoeira" has been traced by Dr. K. K. Bunseki Fu-kiau [ the greatest Kongo cultural history/spirituality etc researcher in the history of the world ] to the Kikongo word "Kipura". It means " to fly low to the ground, spin,turn, batter, spiral, " etc. In the cultural context of the Kongo, it means to fight like a rooster, or zebra. It also includes reference to the dexterous movement connotations applied to monkeys, leopards, serpents, etc. The word has also been used to describe the unpredictable, lightning changes of a fighting rooster in flight.
This is of great importance, because the word Kipura is consistently attached to human and animal combat. This cannot be overemphasized enough. The word "Kipura" refers to the single or collective umbrella of fighting styles originating from the Kongo or similar to Kongo Kipura that emphasizes the blending of the combative and spiritual via movements that "flow low to the ground, spin, turn, batter, spiral." It's like saying...JUJUTSU. "Jujutsu" is a near all-encompassing fighting system of Nippon [ Japan ]. It literally translates as "gentle or soft technique/application". It was created [ by the people of Okinawa, some say ] to fight armed and armored opponents...i.e. the deadly Samurai of Japan. Despite the name "gentle" or "soft", jujutsu applies excruciatingly painful joint locks, bone breaks, throws, sweeps, takedowns, tackles, strangles, chokes, biting, gouging, kicking, tripping and many ryu [ schools ] of jujutsu also use an extensive array of [ generally but not always ] "short" weapons like sticks, staffs, knives, and swords.
Because there are many. Many ways. To train study and apply "gentle or soft techniques" against armed and armored opponents, there are correspondingly many ryu [ schools ] of jujutsu, each teaching its specific brand of jujutsu. This approach and study also spawned similar approaches and studies from others who were directly affected by the experience of training in/experiencing fighting against/observing jujutsu in action. These other arts directly influenced by Nihon jujutsu include: Bartistu [ the fighting art of Sherlock Holmes and many real life other people ], Korean Hapkido, Judo, Korean Yudo, Aikido [ originally named Aikijujutsu ], Brazilian Jiujitsu, Krav Maga, Russian Sambo, Kapap, American Kenpo, Kajukenbo, etc.
The exact same thing happened with Kipura. Kipura...the approach of study and synthesis of spiritual, healing, philosophical, academic, social, sexual, etc techniques...spawned many many variants and cognates. It is safe to say that literally every West and Central war art younger than The Kingdom of Kongo that evinced an incredible array of skills knowledge etc are in fact spawned by Kipura and its cognates.
Now, forgive me. I'm going to go through way. Way. Waaayyy too much work trying to clearly explain what "Kipura" means. To 80% of you? I'm overdoing it. BUT. The 20% of you who buy the cardio capoeira destructive lies centralizing Brazil and dividing us as human beings have the false racist nationalist elitist propaganda of an entire government of Brazil for a century and more behind you. Many of you are good people who have been wholly taken in by the BS of the Brazilian government's propaganda machine...even though you know in your heart that what you're learning can't be real or true because what you learn doesn't ever address self defense [ yet your teacher tells you that the Afrikan slaves fought wars and defeated slavers with the art ] and that the art is Brazilian [ even though not only for centuries only Afrikans knew and taught the art, even your most celebrated Mestres...Pastinha and Bimba...both repeatedly stated that they learned from Afrikans and the art is brought to Brasil by Afrikans...which means that the art IS NOT BRAZILIAN ]. For you and all of you who first heard of "capoeira" via the Brazilian propaganda machine, Eddie Gordo, etc [ which is 90% of the world ]? I have to really go in to give you the real education, and counter the Brazilian propaganda, lies, nationalism etc that you were taught were true back when you didn't know any better.
I apologize for the overkill harping on this one point ahead of time. But? Most of you will learn lots of stuff you don't know now and can't learn anywhere else, if you do yourself the favor of reading every letter of this blog.
So, if you look for A SINGLE ART CALLED KIPURA, YOU PROBABLY WON'T FIND IT. Just as if you look for a single ART called SHAOLIN, YOU WON'T FIND IT. Because "Shaolin" IS A PLACE, NOT A ART. And "Kipura" is A REFERENCE TO A PARTICULAR AGILE AESTHETIC METHOD OF ANIMAL MOVEMENTS WHICH SIMULTANEOUSLY APPLY TO HUMAN SPIRITUAL AND PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE.
Kipura is a direction of study, a principle, concept, and means. Vehicle. Of whole human development via the application of movements principles concepts etc like the rooster, the zebra, the monkey the leopard, the serpent applied to combat, spirituality [ starting with the lessons of Kongo but for centuries this spirituality was dominated by Ifa and its lessons from the Orishas which vastly amplify the fields of study to something imo beyond any single human being's ability to grasp at this point in time ], healing, social and sexual development, harmony with the cosmos and natural world, etc etc. Instead, you will discover via research a vast array. A tremendous abundance. Of different ways to study apply approach refine etc. the concepts and principles of Kipura, in precisely the way that you will find a zillion versions of Jujutsu, Silat, Gungfu and Kungfu [ they're not the same ], Karate, etc.
Thus. You will find the vital war province of Bamba [ see that in my next blog, Part 2 of this series ] cultivating Kipura...and you will see a zillion different versions of Kipura within Bamba. You will see that the Kingdom of Ndongo has its own version of Kipura that it called Engolo. You will see that The Kingdom of Benguela has its own version of Kipura...Mbundu Benguela Engolo Kipura.
You will not see them refer to the art as Kipura. And that's it.
The great mistake that Westernized minds and "haters" make is that they then look for extensive EXCLUSIVE accounts of the EXCLUSIVE use of the NAME Kipura AS A FIGHTING ART like say...Hung Gar. Given the unfortunate extremity of the destruction of extant records and loss of oral history? Such straightforward Westernized methods aren't likely to be successful. In fact, the LACK OF SUCCESS of such Westernized methods which are inappropriate for Afrika is used by these same Westernized minds and these same "haters" to prove that Kipura doesn't exist [ even though these same methods also uncover proof clearly asserting the opposite ]...when actually the lack of success of these methods actually proves that the methods they are using are insufficient, and incapable of unearthing the mysteries of the Afrikan mind. These same Westernized uninformed minds would make the mistake of someone researching Hung Gar...without knowledge of and doubting the existence of the Shaolin systems from which it sprang.
Kipura is like The 7 Shaolin Animals System to a Hung Gar ..."Tiger Crane"...stylist. Unless they have reason to keep in the front of their mind that you know nothing of their ancestral and foundational art of 7 Shaolin Animals? They won't mention it. They assume that you know of the 7 Animals, because you're talking to them about Hung Gar...a very famous branch and subcategory of The Shaolin Animal System.
Well. At the proper times in Afrika? Many Engolo or Libanda or Bassula practitioners who know of Kipura won't mention it, because it is massively commonly understood [ even by their enemies ] that all of these arts are significant branches and subcats of the Combatives, movement, spiritual, social etc discipline that is Kipura. Why would they assume this knowledge to be reflexive and automatic? Because the members of each of these Kingdoms...Ndongo, Dongo, Matamba, Soyo, Benguela, etc etc...were all Kongolese or vassals of The Kingdom of Kongo.
Excluding the massively important role of spirituality in Kipura [ I will come back to that in a later blog ]? Kipura is a blend of combat culture, system and personal style. In precisely the same way that militaries of today use CLOSE QUARTER COMBAT [ CQC ] or CLOSE QUARTERS BATTLE [ CQB ].
If you searched for the martial art CLOSE QUARTERS COMBAT? You won't find it. Because CQC is more reflective of culture, mind set, skill sets used in combat, areas of study and concern for self defense and combat, and training methods to achieve desired results during THE REALITY OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF SELF DEFENSE WHEN YOU'RE IN CLOSE QUARTERS COMBAT.
The fighting system names derive AFTER the development of CQC skills. And. Said fighting arts bear the personal stamp of each practitioner and the identifying characteristics of each specific fighting system.
For instance, when surveying CQC? The legendary American Colonel Rex Applegate began to espouse the vital importance of pistol work in Close Quarters Combat. He was a major, major proponent of combat pistol skills.
For hand to and skills? He worked on an approach he called "Kill or Be Killed", which:
is still considered a classic manual of Western-style hand-to-hand combat. The updated 1976 edition of Kill or Get Killed was published by the US Marine Corps as Fleet Marine Force Reference Publication 12-80. From the foreword:
- "Fleet Marine Force Reference Publication (FMFRP) 12-80, Kill or Get Killed, is published to ensure the retention and dissemination of useful information which is not intended to become doctrine or to be published in Fleet Marine Force manuals""
- "This reference publication was written in 1976 by Lieutenant Colonel Rex Applegate, USA (Ret), with the help of the Combat Section, Military Intelligence Training Center, Camp Ritchie, Maryland. At last there is one volume which speaks to the subjects of unarmed combat (offensive and defensive), combat use of weapons, disarming the enemy, handling of prisoners, the handle of mob/crowd disobedience, the use of chemicals in such situations, and how to establish a professional riot control unitHe worked with the equally or even more legendary William E. Fairburn [ creator of "DEFENDU", widely considered to be the first modern combatives system ]. "
Notice Colonel Applegate hasn't given a name to his fighting system, yet. If you asked about how to use your pistol in a fight? He would teach you "combat pistol skills". Unfortunately, the ignorant Cardio Capoeira and Brazilian-centric "capoeira" people are looking for a NAME THEY ASSOCIATE WITH SOME KIND OF EXOTIC "MARTIAL ART", THUS THEY MISS THE SIMPLE ANSWER TO THEIR QUESTION.
The activity? Is warfare or self defense. The specific category is CQC...Close Quarters Combat. The system used to develop a specific skill set? Kill or Get Killed. This system? Is divided into multiple areas of combat study. Combat Pistol Skills. Hand to Hand Combat [ Unarmed ]. Knife Fighting. Etc.
Well. In The Kingdom of Kongo regarding Kipura? The activity? Warfare or self defense. The specific category: Kipura. The systems that developed from Kipura? Many. Directly dependent upon the spiritual preferences, specific needs, personal skills, and personal styles of the group people and leaders in question. The culture? Prizes defensive skills, elusive movement, fluid combat attacks, methods to maximally develop agile bodies and minds, tremendous endurance capable of withstanding incredible physical emotional and psychological hardships [ from which one derives as much strength from one's spiritual philosophy, faith, and lessons as one gains from one's physical training, diet, etc ] and great personal courage.
These innovations of The Kingdom of Kongo and Kipura are of the greatest importance to the question of Brazil, because finally...after more than a century of science completely destroying the still popular in Brazil LIE AND MYTH that the art is Brazilian [ meaning White people of Brasil have a claim to it and are right to control it ]...the proof that the Afrikan art of my ancestors IS AFRIKAN NOT BRAZILIAN has become factually invincible. Most Brazilian scholars recognize that the art they practice has largely been disembarked from Afrika from the country they miscall "ANGOLA"...which was accurately called The Kingdom of Ndongo and Matamba, during the wars against the Portuguese slavers.
The country IS NOT CORRECTLY CALLED "ANGOLA" The term "Angola" came about because the racist and stupid slaving Portuguese misunderstood what the Mbundu people of The Kingdom of Ndongo [ who are the people living in the land prior to the creation of the term "Angola" and still the dominant ethnic group today in the country ] meant by the term "ngolo"...and mispronounced "ngolo/Engolo" as "Angola".
These areas of concern have direct connection to and correlation with Kongo and Kipura. Because the history of The Kingdom of Ndongo itself says that The Kingdom of Ndongo was established by Ngola Kiluanje, also known as Ngola Inene. This Ngola was either the cousin of the royal family of The Kingdom of Kongo, the head of a Kimbundu speaking ethnic group that was part of The Kingdom of Kongo, or both. CLICK ON THIS SENTENCE TO READ MORE ABOUT THIS.
The above lore of The Kingdom of Ndongo [ as well as The Kingdoms of Benguela, Soyo, etc ] all link them to The Kingdom of Kongo. Given the facts that The Kingdom of Kongo is older, the Kingdom of Kongo with their own cultural context and vocabulary first established the word KIPURA which style and system is ingrained within their own army [ which fought many wars in the area that would become The Kingdom of Kongo, subjugating by political union or warfare enough neighboring ethnic groups to create their Kingdom, and teaching this specific style and method of fighting to their standing army ] their blood relationship, the fact that The Kingdom of Kongo is older than The Kingdom of Ndongo and all of the other Kingdoms in the region in and abutting the modern country of "Angola"s, and all of the vassal Kingdoms of The Kingdom of Kongo...inclusive of The Kingdoms of Ndongo, Soyo, etc...specify that they came from Kongo or were heavily impacted by The Kingdom of Kongo? It's no stretch to see that their fighting systems...very similar to The Kingdom of Kongo's system...is ALSO a cousin to and extension of the Kipura of The Kingdom of Kongo.
The Kingdom of Ndongo created Engolo. The original war system of Engolo...complete with weapon and gun use, wrestling, ground grappling, ground fighting, acrobatics, etc...is very visually similar to its elder Kipura from The Kingdom of Kongo AND "Capoeira de Angola" [ both the real fighting systems we see from the kilombos to the Maltas; the art of the kilombos was taken directly from The Imbangala and was actually inclusive of many Imbangala themselves AS THE OUTSTANDING RESEARCH OF THIS BOOK PROVES [ PLEASE CLICK THIS LINK TO SEE THE BOOK ]; and the Imbangala practiced their own form of Kipura as history records. Imbangala Kipura eventually spawned a branch of combat that survives in its folkloric form to this very day in Kongo. That branch is called LIBANDA. Please click here to see the video proving my words to be true] of Brasil which it literally mothered and fathered. I like to more properly draw upon the facts gleaned via modern historical sciences and call the art vastly miscalled "Capoeira de Angola" [ wrong in every sense because: 1. The art is older than The Portuguese 2. The Mbundu of Ndongo DIDN'T speak Portuguese as their native language 3. The Mbundu already called their fighting system Engolo. Thus the more correct name is... Mbundu Engolo Kipura. "Kipura" because the art is derived from the dominant fighting style ands system of The Kingdom of Kongo, which is...Kipura ].
Which leads me directly to my Njia Uhuru Kipura.
The system roots? Ancient Kipura. Its modernized, updated, refined, extremely effective variant created by and taught by me and my family? Njia Uhuru. There ya are. Understand now? In the next blog of this series, I will provide a overview that walks you directly from Ancient Kongo Kipura to my family's modern Njia Uhuru Kipura. Okay?
And if you think that's something? Then wait til I start peeling your wig with notions about how the mighty Lamtuna and the Masmuda of Morocco...miscalled Almohade and Almoravid, Moors, Saracens, Schwartz, Negger, etc...also probably had a hand in this whole thing.
Whether you agree with me or not? Please live comments in the section of my blog below. I will also field any and all questions that you pose at the bottom of my blog. Thanks.
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